What should you eat to manage diabetes?
Healthy eating tips to manage diabetes
Healthy eating for diabetes doesn’t need to be complicated and doesn’t require special foods. Lite n’ Easy dietitian Ashleigh Jones shares her simple tips to help you avoid confusion and manage diabetes without missing out on your favourite meals and left feeling deprived.
If you’re one of the 1.7 million Australians living with diabetes, eating well is key to staying well and avoiding complications such as heart disease, vision loss and amputation. A healthy diet can also help prevent the development of type 2 diabetes and turn pre-diabetes around. But when it comes to diabetes, what does healthy eating actually look like?
1. It’s all about balance
The idea that people with diabetes need to avoid carbs and cannot eat any sugar at all is completely out of date. Plus, it’s not a very healthy or fun way to live. When we focus on avoiding one nutrient, we often throw the baby out with the bathwater. And can lose sight of the overall nutritional quality of our food. It also leaves no room in your life for the occasional slice of birthday cake or treats.
A more effective (and enjoyable) approach is to focus on achieving dietary balance. This means ensuring every meal contains a balance of protein, carbohydrates and some healthy fats. And don’t forget the veggies! Instead of searching for sugar-free cakes and biscuits, switch to nourishing snacks such as fruit with plain yoghurt or whole-grain crackers with cheese.
2. Portion sizes
It’s not about choosing special, “diabetes-friendly” foods, but healthy whole foods in the right quantity. Many people think that foods like pasta need to be off the menu if you have diabetes, but Lite n’ Easy shows how to include portion-controlled servings of these foods as part of a balanced diet.
“I have had type 2 diabetes for many years and increasing difficulty in managing my weight. At the time I was self-injecting up to 90 units of fast-acting insulin three times a day as well as 30 units of slow insulin twice a day. My treating doctor told me that if I didn’t lose weight NOW, then I would not be around in 6-12 months. I started out on the recommended 1800 Calorie plan. As I lost weight, I moved to the 1500 and 1200 Calorie plans respectively.
As my weight dropped, I noticed that my body was relying less and less on injected Insulin. My GP has been reducing my dosage correspondingly, to a point where I have now stopped injecting altogether. I have also been able to stop a couple of my other medications.” Lite n’ Easy customer, Tony
3. Eat regular meals
It’s okay to snack, as long as you are choosing balanced snacks that include a source of carbohydrate plus either protein or fat (or both!). Eating healthy, regular meals and snacks help keep blood sugar levels stable. It can also prevent hypoglycaemia or “hypos” for those who use insulin. It stops you from becoming overly hungry, which can lead to overeating and blood sugar spikes. For many people, eating every 3-4 hours is a good amount of time to keep hunger and blood sugar levels under control, but choose an eating pattern that’s right for you.
4. Include healthy fats and lower salt intake
People with diabetes are 2-4 times more likely to develop heart disease. This means that limiting your salt intake, eating less saturated fat and consuming plenty of heart-healthy mono and polyunsaturated fats is key. Banish salt from the dinner table and choose low sodium or salt-reduced canned options where possible. Make olive oil your cooking and seasoning oil of choice. Nuts are a powerhouse snack, particularly for people with diabetes, as they contain healthy fats, gut-boosting fibre, and won’t spike blood sugar levels.
Complete meal solutions
Lite n’ Easy’s complete 1200 Calorie Meal Plan provides less than 2000mg sodium per day and less than 10% energy from saturated fat in line with National Heart Foundation recommendations.
5. Plan your meals ahead
When it comes to eating regular meals that are healthy and portion-controlled, failing to plan is planning to fail! It’s no use waiting until you’re already hungry or your blood sugar is dropping to work out what you’re going to eat. Instead, set aside some time over the weekend to prepare a few healthy meals that you can keep in the fridge or freezer. This way they’re ready when you need them. And keep some healthy, balanced snacks on hand such as nuts or fruit and plain yoghurt. Prepared meals such as Lite n’ Easy are a great option to save you time and rest assured that chefs and dietitians develop the plans. So, they not only taste great but are good for you, being built with the Australian Dietary Guidelines in mind.
6. Easy to count carbs
If you require insulin to manage your diabetes, you will need to keep track of your carb intake to ensure you inject with the correct dose of insulin. This is a necessary part of managing insulin-dependent diabetes, but all the weighing and measuring and be a real hassle. Prepared meals, such as those by Lite n’ Easy, are not only healthy but do the hard work for you, including counting carbs.
“I have several medical conditions including diabetes, that make preparing a meal difficult. There are many things I cannot eat because of certain conditions and food allergies, so before Lite n’ Easy I often just didn’t eat much at all because it was in the too hard basket. I very seldom felt hungry, so would skip meals.
In the end I became quite unwell because I was under-nourished. Now with Lite n’ Easy, it is a breeze.
Lite n’ Easy list all the ingredients of each meal on the website, which is handy for me, so I can avoid certain meals with things like coconut for example. I can also look at the calories and carbohydrates in each meal to make sure I am hitting my targets to manage my diabetes.” Lite n’ Easy customer, Aunty Barb
7. Limit alcohol intake
Alcohol is a tricky one, particularly if you are someone who needs to take insulin. Alcoholic beverages are typically high in carbs, which cause blood sugar spikes, but alcohol can cause hypoglycaemia. People find that the amount of insulin needed to bring their blood sugar down after a few drinks can push them into hypoglycaemia later in the night (or early that morning). This is because the alcohol wreaks havoc on their blood sugar levels. For those who are wanting to lose weight, it’s suggested to limit your intake. Low alcoholic or light beer, dry wine, and using soda water rather than sugary mixers are better choices when drinking. Make sure you still have regular alcohol free days and only drink in moderation.
Ask for help
People with different types of diabetes will have different needs, and as individual needs vary, we recommend you seek advice from a health professional for individual dietary guidance.
How can Lite n’ Easy help?
Lite n’ Easy offers a variety of healthy meal plans on our chef-inspired seasonal menu, backed by expert dietitians. Enjoy the convenience of delicious, healthy meals delivered to your door.